Wednesday, 24 October 2012
Sunday, 21 October 2012
Marussia Motors (Russian: Маруся [ma´rusja]) is a Russian sports car manufacturer founded in 2007. Its cars are notable for being the first sports cars to be made in Russia.
Marussia is the first Russian manufacturer of premium-class vehicles. It designed, developed and produces the B1 and the B2 sport cars in Russia. The Marussia B1 was launched on the 16 December, 2008 in the new Manege hall in Moscow, with the company's first showroom following in the city on the 10 September, 2010.
Marussia is led by Nikolay Fomenko. In 2010, it acquired a "significant stake" in the Virgin Racing Formula One team, which was renamed Marussia F1 Team from 2012.
The first Russian sports car and first car made by Marussia Motors. It has a rear mid-engine, rear-wheel drive layout. Marussia has announced they will build only a limited run of 2999 units.
The B2 features a more aggressive and "brutal" design and is available with the same engines as the B1. The list price of this model is the same as the B1 - about 250,000 Euro. The B2 is officially out of production. It also features in Need For Speed's Most Wanted(2012) video game.
Marussia F2 SUV
The Marussia F2 is an SUV model. According to Marussia it can be used as a mobile command center, as a military vehicle or as an emergency vehicle. The prototype was shown on May 2, 2010. The SUV model will be made 300 units in 2012 by Valmet Automotive.
The Marussia B1 and B2 models are based on the same semi-monocoque chassis with a steel spaceframe covered by carbon fiber panels - differing only in body shape.
Both Marussia sports models are mid-engined, with the engine mounted transversally on the back axle. The English company Cosworth supplies Marussia with two different V6 engines. One is a naturally aspirated 3.5 liter producing about 300 horsepower and the other is a 2.8 liter turbo-charged engine offered in 360 or 420 horsepower variants. The 420 horsepower engine allows Marussia cars to reach a claimed top speed of 250 km/h and acceleration from 0 to 100 km/h in just 3.8 seconds.
The B1 and B2 use a six-speed automatic gearbox. A six-speed manual gearbox is in development.
Safety and reliability
The energy-absorbing cockpit is a three part space frame of steel tubes of different sections. The front and rear subframes are attached to a central cell. In an impact, the subframes are designed to absorb energy by deforming. The B1 and В2 vehicles have passed Russian safety tests and obtained their certification.
Sunday, 14 October 2012
What do you get when a performance car manufacturer produces an SUV? Hint: A big fat SUV that can carve corners and accelerate to the horizon in way that would shame many a super cars! The Cayenne is like a 911 masquerading as an off-roader. But it does provide 911-like performance too. It pioneered this segment which requires that heavy SUVs go like sports cars, and has pretty much led the competition till today. And that's a great feat in itself considering it competition includes the BMW X6M and the X5M, which are nothing but regular SUVs bulked up by BMW's motorsport division itself. It is the most exclusive of the the three premium SUVs from the Volkswagen group, namely the Toureg and the Audi Q7. Porsche also makes the Boxter and the Cayman.
The turbo S can devour the 60mph mark in a mere 4.7 seconds, faster than even the Maserati Quattraporte and the Bentley Continental GT.
The Porsche Cayenne is a five seat mid-size luxury crossover manufactured by the German manufacturer Porsche since 2002, with North American sales beginning in 2003. Its platform was developed by Porsche and is shared with the Volkswagen Touareg and the Audi Q7. It is the first V8-engined vehicle built by Porsche since 1995, when the Porsche 928 was discontinued. Since 2008, all engines have featured direct injection technology. The Cayenne's chassis type numbers are as follows: Type 955 (2002–2006), Type 957 (2007–2010), and Type 958 (2011+). Porsche also manufactures the Boxter.
The second-generation Cayenne (Type 958) was unveiled at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show in March following an online reveal on February 25, 2010.
The Cayenne's frame and doors are sourced from Volkswagen, who uses the frames and doors for the Volkswagen Touareg model. All other aspects of vehicle design, tuning and production are done in-house at Porsche.
The base model is powered by a 3.2 L VR6 engine producing 250 PS (184 kW); modifications in the exhaust manifold allow power to peak at 6700 rpm. This is the same motor found on the Volkswagen Touareg and Volkswagen Golf R32. A Turbo Diesel engine is also available. Acceleration from 0 to 60 mph (97 km) is 7.5 seconds with manual transmission and 8.1 seconds with the Tiptronic S. Notably, independent testing has produced a time of 9.2 seconds for the Tiptronic diesel.
Cayenne GTSThe GTS is powered with a 405 PS (298 kW) 4.8 L V8 and features a sport suspension and 21-inch (530 mm) wheels. It is lighter than the Cayenne S and has an aerodynamic body kit. The Porsche Cayenne GTS has a 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) time of 5.7 seconds. A six-speed manual transmission is also offered.
Cayenne Turbo and Turbo SThe 1st generation Cayenne Turbo had 450 PS (331 kW), and accelerated from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 5.3 seconds. A Turbo S version was built in 2006 to compete with the Mercedes-Benz ML 63 AMG. The Cayenne Turbo S included a low-range case, a locking differential, and the height-adjustable, off-road suspension also standard on the regular Turbo model. It was powered by a twin-turbocharged 4.5 L V8 that produced 520 PS (382 kW) and 700 N·m (520 lb·ft) of torque. Acceleration from 0–60 mph (96 km/h) was 5.0 seconds and the top speed was 171 miles per hour. It featured a 6-speed automatic Tiptronic transmission.
A new Turbo was revealed at the 2008 Beijing auto show. It received 50 PS (37 kW) more power, and now accelerated from 0–60 mph (96 km/h) in 4.9 seconds. Also revealed with the new Turbo was a new 550 horsepower (410 kW) Turbo S. Acceleration from 0–60 mph is 4.7 seconds and has optional ceramic composite brakes.
Cayenne DieselPorsche has sold a diesel version of the Cayenne powered by Volkswagen's 3.0 L V6 TDI engine since February 2009. The engine is rated at 240 PS (177 kW; 237 hp) and 550 N·m (410 lb·ft) of torque.
The car was unveiled in 2009 Geneva Motor Show.
The U.S.-spec car was unveiled at the 2012 New York Auto Show.
Cayenne S TranssyberiaOriginally a racing vehicle for Transsyberia rally, only 26 were built.
The street version was later built to commemorate Porsche's victory in Transsyberia rally. It is a variant with the 405 hp (302 kW) direct-inject 4.8L V8 from the Cayenne GTS. Sales began in January 2009.
Cayenne GTS Porsche Design Edition 3 (2010)It is a limited edition (1000 unit, 100 in USA) model based on Cayenne GTS designed by Porsche Design Studio. It includes Lava Grey Metallic body, 21-inch SportPlus wheels, black leather upholstery with red contrasting seams, Porsche Design Chronograph (Type P’6612).
The sales began in May 2009 with MSRP of €79,100 before tax.
HybridAt the IAA 2005, Porsche announced it will produce a hybrid version of the Cayenne before 2010 (Porsche Cayenne Hybrid). Two years later, at the IAA 2007, Porsche presented a functioning Cayenne Hybrid and demonstration model of the drivetrain.
Notable modifications to this car include an electric vacuum pump and hydraulic steering pump, allowing the car to function even when the engine is deactivated. A 288-volt nickel metal hydride battery is placed under the boot floor, occupying the space normally used for a spare tire.
The 2011 Porsche Cayenne S Hybrid was launched in the U.S. market in November 2010.
|Model||Engine||Power (hp, torque)@rpm|
|Cayenne||3,598 cc (3.6 L; 219.6 cu in) V6||290 PS (210 kW; 290 hp)@6200, 385 N·m (284 lb·ft)@3000|
|Cayenne S||4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) V8||410 PS (300 kW; 400 hp)@6200, 500 N·m (370 lb·ft)@3500|
|Cayenne S Transsyberia||4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) V8||410 PS (300 kW; 400 hp)@6500, 500 N·m (370 lb·ft)@3500|
|Cayenne GTS||4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) V8||415 PS (305 kW; 409 hp)@6500, 500 N·m (370 lb·ft)@3500|
|Cayenne GTS Porsche Design Edition 3||4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) V8||415 PS (305 kW; 409 hp)@6500, 500 N·m (370 lb·ft)@3500|
|Cayenne Turbo||4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) twin turbo V8||500 PS (370 kW; 490 hp)@6000, 700 N·m (520 lb·ft)@2250–4500|
|Cayenne Turbo S||4,806 cc (4.8 L; 293.3 cu in) twin turbo V8||550 PS (400 kW; 540 hp)@6000, 750 N·m (550 lb·ft)@2250–4500|
The first spy photos of the car were posted on the internet on June 5, 2008.
The Cayenne is again the first of the three new SUVs from the VW group; the new Volkswagen Touareg will be 6–12 months behind, while the next-generation Audi Q7 is due in 2013. Standard features of the 2011 Porsche Cayenne include air conditioning with dual-zone climate controls, interior air filter, tilt/telescopic leather-wrapped steering wheel w/radio controls, cruise control, leather upholstery, 8-way power front seats, outside-temperature indicator, and universal garage door opener in the base model. The Cayenne S adds a power sunroof and memory for the driver's seat.
The Cayenne GTS added a rearview camera, remote engine start, keyless access and start, and memory system. Finally, the most upscale Cayenne Turbo and Turbo S added a navigation system w/voice recognition, premium sound system, 4-zone climate controls, heated rear seats, and 6-disc CD changer.
The Cayenne's naturally-aspirated and turbocharged V8 engines are shared with the Panamera and have been upgraded for faster acceleration times with more horsepower and torque, as well as more powerful direct injection technology to improve efficiency. The base Cayenne model still shares its Volkswagen-sourced VR6 engine with the new Volkswagen Touareg, although the Cayenne's is tuned to offer 300 horsepower compared to the Touareg's 280.
In September 2012 Porsche announced the Cayenne S Diesel. This model is fitted with the Audi 4.2 V8 TDI engine.
In October 2012 Porsche confirmed the all new Cayenne Turbo S.
Sunday, 7 October 2012
An American genuine hypercar to challenge the Koenigseggs and McLarens? The Saleen S7 is just that. With the last version producing a humongous 750 bhp and with a top speed of 248 mph(note- ESP and Traction control not standard!), this one is a proper hypercar. It clearly outperforms the Enzo Ferrari and the Porsche Carrera GT on the straights too.
The Saleen S7 is a limited-production, hand-built, high-performance American supercar developed jointly by Steve Saleen for the initial concept and direction, Hidden Creek Industries for resources and initial funding, Phil Frank for the body and interior CAD design and development, and Ray Mallock Ltd. for the chassis engineering. It was the only car produced by Saleen not based on an existing chassis. The S7 debuted on August 19, 2000 at the Monterey Historic Races. From 2000 until 2004, the S7 featured a Ford 427 small block, naturally aspirated V8 engine with 550 horsepower (410 kW). In 2005, the S7 was replaced by the S7 Twin Turbo, which featured a more powerful twin-turbo system that boosted engine power to 750 horsepower (760 PS/559 kW) and the top speed 248 mph (399 km/h).
The body of the car, made entirely from carbon fiber, incorporates the use of scoops, spoilers, and other aerodynamic features to create split-channel airflow throughout the car, and at 160 miles per hour (257 km/h), the car creates its own weight in downforce.
The interior of the Saleen S7 was designed to be both luxurious and functional. Leather appears throughout the cabin, with aluminum accents, and the S7 comes with a set of custom-fit luggage. Because of the car's mid-engine layout, it has two trunks, front and rear. Other features include an LCD monitor, rear-view camera, quick-release steering-wheel and a 240 mile per hour (386 km/h) speedometer. The cabin is of an asymmetrical layout, with the custom-fitted driver's seat positioned toward the center both to improve the driver's visibility and center his or her weight in the vehicle.
The chassis comprises a space frame-derived design consisting 4130 lightweight steel and aluminum honeycomb composite reinforcing panels. It is divided into bolt-fastened sub-assemblies to allow for rapid access to critical subsystems. The light weight of the chassis allows for the car to weigh a mere 2750 pounds (1247 kg).
The original naturally aspirated version of the S7 can accelerate from 0–60 miles per hour (97 km/h) in an estimated 3.3 seconds, and to 100 miles per hour in an estimated 7.1 seconds. It can complete a standing quarter mile in an estimated 11.35 seconds, reaching 128 miles per hour (203 km/h).
The first few production Saleen S7 electrical systems were designed and hand-built by Jimmy Rodriguez. Standard electronics include: Power windows, locks, Remote control operated doors, hood, trunk, and engine compartment openers, electronic power steering with redundant safety circuits, 110 volt inlet for maintaining vehicle battery, electronic heated front window, electronic fuel pump shut off upon crash impact, rearview camera system with in dash flip up monitor, and navigation. Electrical wire harnesses are manufactured with the highest quality materials Teflon coated tinned military spec wire, cannon plugs, gold plated pins and sockets were used in connectors, wire harnesses wrapped with high temp glass mesh under a woven Kevlar outer skin.
S7 Twin Turbo
The Saleen S7 Twin Turbo was an updated revision of the original S7. Although the initial concept for the S7 incorporated twin-turbochargers, they were not used on the production car. The twin-turbocharged version later developed in 2005 went on sale for $585,296 USD (approx. GB£295,559, c.2007/€435,203, c.2007), replacing standard S7 production.
The engine was upgraded with two Garrett turbochargers producing 5.5 psi (0.4 bar) of boost, increasing the maximum power to 750 horsepower (760 PS/559 kW) at 6300 rpm, and the maximum torque to 700 lb·ft (949 N•m) at 4800 rpm. The front and rear diffusers and the rear spoiler were also reworked to increase downforce by 60%.
Performance (Mfg Estimates)
- 0-60 mph (97 km/h): 2.8 sec
- 0-100 mph (161 km/h): 5.9 sec
- 0-200 mph (322 km/h): 27 sec
- Quarter-mile: 10.5 sec
- Top speed: 248 mph (399 km/h)
In 2006, Saleen offered an optional competition package for the S7 Twin Turbo. The package offers a 33% increase in power, to a total of an approximate 1000 horsepower (1014 PS/746 kW), as well as changes to the suspension, a revised front and rear diffuser, and an optional aerodynamic package with carbon fiber front and rear spoilers.
The Saleen S7R is a racing version of the standard, naturally aspirated S7, produced from 2000 to 2007. It was designed to compete in grand tourer-style motorsports series and events such as the American Le Mans Series, FIA GT Championship, and 24 Hours of Le Mans. Ray Mallock Ltd. assembled the first few S7-Rs under the supervision of Saleen's engineering team in their workshops in Britain, before Saleen assumed all S7-R assembly with the French Oreca squad executing final outfitting in 2006. A total of fourteen S7Rs were completed to race-ready condition. Seven additional S7Rs were assembled to a level of completeness requiring the assignment of Vehicle Identification Numbers; however, these chassis were never outfitted into complete vehicles.
The first S7-R assembled by RML was completed in late 2000, then immediately shipped to the United States to make its debut in the American Le Mans Series event at Laguna Seca. Run by Saleen-Allen Speedlab, the car finished in 26th place. For 2001, the first customer chassis would be completed, and their respective teams would enter various championships: Fordahl Motorsports ran in the Grand American Road Racing Championship, RML ran the European Le Mans Series, andKonrad Motorsport ran both ALMS and ELMS. This car with chassis number 001 was named Christine by Saleen engineers.
The S7-R quickly showed its capabilities, when Konrad finished in sixth place at the 12 Hours of Sebring, earning their first class victory. Fordahl won seven Grand American events en route to finishing second in the class championship, while RML won four ELMS events and won that championship by a mere point over the Konrad Saleens. Saleen-Allen Speedlab also earned a podium finish at the 24 Hours of Le Mans with an 18th place finish overall.
For 2002, Konrad Motorsport concentrated mostly on the American Le Mans Series (the ELMS having been dissolved following 2001), while Park Place Racing took over Fordahl's entry in Grand American. Newcomer Graham Nash Motorsport won both the British GT and Spanish GT Championships. Park Place won four races and earned their first championship title, while Graham Nash won nine British GT and four Spanish GT races, earning them the title in both series. Konrad Motorsport however struggled against the faster, higher-budget Corvette Racing team and could not score any victories, but were able to finish second in the championship.
Konrad Motorsport chose to move their Saleen squad to Europe in order to compete in the FIA GT Championship in 2003, leaving North America without a full-season competitor for the S7-R as Park Place abandoned the Grand American championship. Graham Nash joined Konrad in FIA GT, earning a sixth place finish in the championship. For 2004, Saleen would have a resurgence of teams as RML returned to run FIA GT, Dominique Dupuy's DDO team entered the FFSA GT Championship, Konrad assisted the new Vitaphone Racing, and ACEMCO Motorsports purchased two brand-new S7-Rs, modified to better compete in the American Le Mans Series. Vitaphone earned three victories in FIA GT en route to a fourth place in the championship, while DDO earned two victories in FFSA GT.
Fortunes would quickly turn for the S7-Rs in the 2005 season. Konrad and Graham Nash saw their racing efforts downsized as the teams hit economic problems. Vitaphone Racing moved on from the S7-R and raced a Maserati MC12 to the FIA GT championship. This left ACEMCO to take second in the American Le Mans Series, while DDO earned the only Saleen wins that year with three.
In an attempt to rebound from 2005, Saleen chose to concentrate on select series and events. ACEMCO dropped out from the American Le Mans Series in order to concentrate solely on entering the 2006 24 Hours of Le Mans where they earned an 11th place finish, the best ever by a Saleen at the time. Oreca was chosen to prepare new S7-R chassis with upgrades under the supervision of Saleen engineers Derk Hartland, Randall Speir, Matthew W. Wright and William Kreig to make them more competitive, which led to the team earning two victories in the Le Mans Series and winning the 2006 FFSA GT Championship. In FIA GT, Zakspeed took over as the factory squad with Balfe Racing running as a privateer. Zakspeed managed to earn two victories and earn themselves fourth in the championship.
For 2007, Zakspeed was forced to abandon their FIA GT effort as the team went bankrupt during the off-season. ACEMCO also was forced to withdraw and offer their S7-Rs for sale. Oreca finish-assembled two more chassis using subassemblies provided by Saleen, with one going to the Italian Racing Box squad who would compete alongside Oreca in the Le Mans Series. Oreca won four races during the season.
In 2010, the Oreca finish-assembled S7-R (chassis number 610) of Larbre Compétition won the final and its only LMGT1 class victory at the 24 Hours of Le Mans. Initial fabrication and assembly of this chassis was performed by Saleen's Irvine, CA engineering team in 2006-2007 after normal business hours due to a shortage of funding. Subsequently, Saleen engineers named the car Melissa, after the girlfriend of one of the Saleen race engineers.